When to start treatment with antibiotics? Rules of application
Many people, or even all, have different antibiotics in their home arsenal. They can be called heavy artillery in the fight against various ailments. Let's understand that there are actually antibiotics, what is the use of them and what harm, and also when it is necessary to begin treatment with antibiotics.
What is an antibiotic?
An antibiotic is a medicine that affects a variety of bacteria. It is possible to isolate from the general series of antibiotics penicillins, macrolides, cephalosporins and others. They are used to treat diseases of bacterial etiology. Bacterial pathogens are divided into Gram-positive and Gram-negative. Accordingly, antibiotics are also divided into those that affect the gram-positive flora and those that affect the gram-negative flora.
Do not treat an ordinary cold with antibiotics. The cause of the common cold is the penetration of the virus through the respiratory tract into the body. The first signs of colds are usually a runny nose and cough. At an elevated temperature caused by a viral infection, doctors prescribe antipyretics. In such a situation it is useless to start treatment with antibacterial agents. In the case when the immune system is weakened by viruses, antibiotics can no longer be avoided. Influenza is the most common viral disease. Antiviral, immunoglobulin, interferon preparations should be used with chicken pox, herpes, hepatitis, and also influenza.
One must understand that it is impossible to start and end treatment with antibiotics independently, without consulting with specialists. There is an erroneous assumption that the use of antibiotics is justified only to remove the first signs of ailment, after which it is better to complete the process of recovery with the help of traditional medicine. This should not be done in any case, there is a danger of harming your body.
Medical specialists determine the time during which all pathogenic bacteria will die, and after they set a course of a certain duration. Termination of treatment will lead to undesirable consequences, for example, surviving bacteria will be able to adapt to a specific antibiotic. The result will be a higher resistance of bacteria to these drugs. Uncontrolled use of antibiotics will lead to the invulnerability of a large number of bacteria.
In what cases it is better not to refuse from the use of antibiotics?
In situations where the process of inflammation that has arisen in the body is based mainly on a bacterial infection, it will be necessary to begin treatment with antibiotics, and this can not be argued! The course of antibiotic treatment is necessary to pass in the treatment of the following diseases: otitis media, sepsis, sinusitis, pneumonia, abscess, and many other infections. If you avoid treatment, you can get complications, the consequences of which are unpredictable. Serious kidney and heart disease can result in untreated tonsillitis!
It should also be understood that if treatment with a certain type of antibiotics led to a positive result, this does not mean that this species will help with other diseases. Diseases similar in their symptoms may have different pathogens, which, in turn, have different sensitivity to a variety of antibiotics. Penicillin, which helped to get rid of staphylococcal pneumonia, does not necessarily help with the treatment of a cough that has appeared later.
Bacteria easily adapt to new drugs, and if once the antibiotic works, then probably next time it does not help, bacteria can stay. If the antibiotic is not properly selected, it may not have any effect.
The course of antibiotic treatment can be prescribed only by a doctor, he will determine the desired dosage and duration of treatment, as well as the most appropriate time to start treatment. If the condition improves and the symptoms disappear, do not stop taking the medication immediately. It is necessary to undergo a course of treatment to the end, only in this case one can count on a positive result.
Dangers of getting used to a certain antibiotic
Bacteria are characterized by a high ability to adapt to different conditions of existence, they quickly cease to respond to a particular antibiotic, and treatment does not lead to anything. Also, antibiotics affect the properties of drugs taken simultaneously with them. There are a number of side effects, such as allergies or individual intolerance to the components of the drug. To prevent the occurrence of allergies, together with an antibiotic should take antiallergic drugs.
Possible consequences of taking antibiotics
Treatment with antibiotics is fraught with suppression of beneficial intestinal microflora, in addition to pathogenic bacteria. This leads to various disruptions in the assimilation of nutrients, the intake of vitamins, trace elements and various biologically active substances. The result can be weakened immunity, the accumulation of toxins, allergens and carcinogens. The manifestations of dysbiosis at an early stage include increased fatigue, loss of appetite, unpleasant sensations in the abdomen.
Most often these symptoms are simply ignored, which can lead to an increased risk of getting a disease of the digestive and blood supply organs, and even oncology. There are problems with the chair, with sleep. To prevent and minimize the consequences of dysbacteriosis, take probiotics.
Do not want to take antibiotics?
In this case, follow the doctor's recommendations for preventive measures, do not delay the course of chronic illnesses until exacerbation. You can use the advice of traditional medicine for disease prevention. It is also possible, on the prescription of a doctor, to use lighter drugs that do not completely destroy bacteria, but only suppress them.
How to take antibiotics correctly and effectively?
We think that each of us has experienced antibiotics since the early age. There are many diseases caused by pathogenic microflora, it is very difficult to heal from which without their help. However, not all of us correctly accepted them, and because of this did not receive the effect of treatment. So often phrases sound like this antibiotic is bad, it does not heal. And this is not true. So how correctly and effectively to take antibiotics?
Antibiotics are substances that can suppress or stop the growth of bacteria. They are used when there is an infection in the body. There are different causes of bacterial infections.
Normally, there are microorganisms in our body that are conditionally pathogenic. That is, they do not normally harm the body, but when the body weakens, they begin to aggressively damage the body. Similarly, pathogenic bacteria can get from the outside.
First, it is worth remembering that it is only the doctor who can correctly prescribe an antibiotic. There are antibiotics of a wide spectrum and a narrow spectrum. However, each group of antibiotics, and each antibiotic has its own sensitive groups of microorganisms. The concept of broad-spectrum antibiotics does not at all mean that they kill all known types of bacteria. Therefore, a competent doctor can choose the right antibiotic.
The problem is that for better selection you need to make a crop, that is, take a smear, or a sample from the site of inflammation (eg, sputum, if it's bronchitis) and determine what kind of microorganisms caused the disease. However, this is quite expensive and takes a lot of time. Therefore, our doctors are limited to the appointment of antibiotics, accepted in the standards of treatment, determined by experience with the use of drugs. Remember, if you have the opportunity to better sow and treat the disease correctly.
But also doctors are not ideal. Often people with bronchitis are prescribed ceftriaxone. Remember, this drug will not help with bronchitis! In addition, he is appointed to stab in one ampoule with ice-smoke, and he interacts with it, precipitates. There are many other antibiotics that will help with this disease, and a competent doctor will prescribe them correctly.
Also do not forget that the antibiotic should be drunk properly, that is, as much time and in such dosage as written by the doctor in the prescription, or in the instructions. If you drink 2 tablets at a time, it will not improve the condition and will not speed up the recovery. Antibiotics must be drunk by a course, because they start to give effect only when their stable concentration in the blood is reached. In general, the course lasts 10 days (except for Flemoxin, which is drunk for 3 days).
Do not think that if you neglect treatment in the middle, when you feel the improvement, you will be able to recover and the disease will not return. It is necessary to continue therapy necessarily!
Do not drink antibiotics at the first drink. After all, ODS is caused by viruses, not bacteria. Therefore, an antibiotic here does not help, but will only aggravate the matter. It is worth taking antiviral drugs. If you drink antibiotics too often, then the resistance of pathogenic microorganisms to them is developed. And then this antibiotic will be completely inactive.
Any treatment of the disease must be comprehensive, complete and professional. This means that some antibiotics can not cure, for example, pneumonia. Other groups of drugs are needed, such as expectorants, mucolytics, etc.
When taking antibiotics, it is necessary to conduct therapy with probiotics and prebiotics (bacterial preparations). There are two points of view on how to drink them. Some say that during therapy with antibiotics plus another 5 days, others - 10 days after antibiotic therapy, since the antibiotic kills those bacteria that colonize the intestine as a result of taking the drug. However, they agree that it is necessary to take bacterial preparations! If there is absolutely no possibility to buy them, then a variant of their replacement with kefir or at least milk is possible.
It should be careful when using antibiotics in children. We must try to prevent the appearance of the disease. Take drugs to strengthen immunity. Remember, there are also natural antibiotics, homeopathic preparations, which will not harm the baby. After all, most antibiotics have side effects on the sides of different organ systems.
At the moment, the safest groups of antibiotics are penicillins, macrolides and cephalosporins. However, the first group often causes allergic reactions, so you need to conduct special tests.
Also, do not take alcohol when you are undergoing antibiotic therapy. Not all groups of antibiotics interact with alcohol, causing an increase in its effect. However, this is not an excuse for its adoption. It must be remembered that alcohol acts on the liver, changing the rate of metabolism of drugs, thereby distorting the effect of the antibiotic.
Take antibiotics correctly and stay healthy!